Anetoderma in Child
Alerts and Notices
SynopsisAnetoderma, from the Greek anetos for "slack" and derma for "skin," is an elastolytic disorder characterized by localized areas of flaccid skin. These present clinically as skin-colored wrinkled macules or patches that may or may not form bulging sac-like protrusions. Histologically, there is a focal loss of dermal elastic tissue. The condition is benign, and the pathogenesis is not well understood. It commonly manifests in the teenage years through the 40s and is slightly more prevalent in women. Occasionally, it is seen in children.
Anetoderma may be primary or secondary. Primary anetoderma occurs when there is no underlying skin disorder. Cardiac, ocular, bony, pulmonary, and endocrine abnormalities have been reported to occur in some patients with primary anetoderma.
The lesions of secondary anetoderma are identical to those of primary anetoderma but appear at the same sites as a preceding dermatosis. A multitude of conditions are associated with the development of secondary anetoderma. These include varicella, folliculitis, acne vulgaris, lichen planus, syphilis, granuloma annulare, tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), pyoderma gangrenosum, Steven-Johnson syndrome, B-cell lymphoma, juvenile xanthogranuloma, melanocytic nevi, sarcoidosis, dermatofibromas, prurigo nodularis, lupus erythematosus, leprosy, mastocytosis, plasmacytomas, xanthomas, lymphocytoma cutis, acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, pilomatricoma, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, penicillamine, nodular amyloidosis, and hepatitis B immunization.
Anetoderma has also been described in premature neonates (see Anetoderma of prematurity). Rare reports of familial anetoderma have also been documented.
L90.1 – Anetoderma of Schweninger-Buzzi
L90.2 – Anetoderma of Jadassohn-Pellizzari
238828009 – Anetoderma
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls
- Atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis and atrophoderma vermiculatum are limited to the face.
- Connective tissue nevi
- Mid-dermal elastolysis
- Cutis laxa
- Focal dermal hypoplasia syndrome
- Nevus lipomatosus superficialis of Hoffman and Zurhelle
- Atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini
- Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
- Insect bites (early lesions)
- Papular urticaria (early lesions)
- Atrophic scars (see scar)
Drug Reaction DataBelow is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.
Anetoderma in Child