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Chronic cholecystitis
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Chronic cholecystitis

Contributors: Abhijeet Waghray MD, Michael W. Winter MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Chronic cholecystitis is a condition that results from ongoing inflammation of the gallbladder. The disease course often is smoldering with acute exacerbations (acute biliary colic / pain). This is different from acute cholecystitis, which has a more pronounced acute pain episode. Resulting gallbladder dysfunction in emptying can occur.

Chronic cholecystitis is most commonly associated with cholelithiasis (90% of cases), although an acalculous form (eg, sludge, strictures, neoplasm) also exists. Thus, risk factors overlap with risk factors for cholelithiasis, which include female gender, pregnancy, and obesity. Patients of advanced age are particularly susceptible to developing chronic cholecystitis as they may not display typical symptoms of acute cholecystitis. The missed diagnosis of acute cholecystitis can develop into the chronic form.

Codes

ICD10CM:
K81.1 – Chronic cholecystitis

SNOMEDCT:
20824003 – Chronic cholecystitis

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Reviewed:03/04/2021
Last Updated:03/21/2021
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Chronic cholecystitis
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A medical illustration showing key findings of Chronic cholecystitis : Developed steadily , Right upper quadrant abdominal pain
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