SynopsisCodesDifferential Diagnosis & PitfallsBest TestsDrug Reaction Data
Drug-induced hypertension
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Drug-induced hypertension

Contributors: Benjamin L. Mazer MD, MBA
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed


Drug-induced hypertension is an uncommon cause of hypertension. Many classes of medication can induce hypertension in some individuals. Medications that are sympathomimetic, in particular, are well known for causing hypertension. Examples of such drugs are amphetamines and decongestants. Other classes of drugs commonly associated with inducing hypertension are corticosteroids, stimulants, estrogens, and immunosuppressants. Pre-existing hypertension and renal failure are risk factors for serious complications from drug-induced hypertension. Drug-induced hypertension is treated with discontinuation or dose reduction of the offending drug.


I15.8 – Other secondary hypertension

194791005 – Hypertension caused by drug

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Hyperthyroidism

Best Tests

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Drug Reaction Data

Below is a list of drugs with literature evidence indicating an adverse association with this diagnosis. The list is continually updated through ongoing research and new medication approvals. Click on Citations to sort by number of citations or click on Medication to sort the medications alphabetically.

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Last Updated:04/13/2016
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Drug-induced hypertension
A medical illustration showing key findings of Drug-induced hypertension : BP increased
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