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Ellis-van Creveld syndrome in Child
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Ellis-van Creveld syndrome in Child

Contributors: David Sullo MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed


Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome (chondroectodermal dysplasia) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by short stature, limbs, and ribs. Typically presents with chondrodysplasia, teeth abnormalities, ectodermal dysplasia, polydactyly, nail dysplasia, sparse hair, and 50%-60% of patients have a congenital heart defect. Cognition is normal. Caused by a defect in the EVC gene. Occurs more frequently in the Pennsylvanian Old Order Amish or within indigenous Australian communities. Can be detected in utero by ultrasound. Treatment is symptomatic and typically requires early dental intervention. Potentially life-threatening complications include respiratory distress and heart failure.


Q77.6 – Chondroectodermal dysplasia

62501005 – Chondroectodermal dysplasia

Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

Other skeletal dysplasias, including:
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Achondrogenesis
  • Short-rib polydactyly syndromes
  • Asphyxiating thoracic dysplasia

Best Tests

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Last Updated:12/18/2022
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Ellis-van Creveld syndrome in Child
A medical illustration showing key findings of Ellis-van Creveld syndrome : Limb hypoplasia, Short stature, Teeth abnormalities
Clinical image of Ellis-van Creveld syndrome - imageId=7423781. Click to open in gallery.
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