Hydrogen fluoride poisoning
Those at high risk for systemic effects include those with burns over 1% of their body surface with a HF solution greater than 50% concentration or those with burns to 5% of body surface at any concentration. Deaths have been reported with 2.5% of body surface exposure.
Treatment involves irrigation, decontamination, oxygen therapy, topical calcium gluconate, and/or intravenous (IV) calcium gluconate.
Related topic: Hydrogen fluoride burns
T59.5X4A – Toxic effect of fluorine gas and hydrogen fluoride, undetermined, initial encounter
212857005 – Toxic effect of fluorine gas and hydrogen fluoride
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls