Hymen trauma - Suspected Child Abuse
Findings of confirmed sexual abuse are primarily acute injuries to the genitalia, anus, or oral cavity; genital scarring; sexually transmitted infections (STIs); and hymenal transection or evidence of deep notches. The significance of notches or clefts in the hymen depends on the location and severity of the defect. Posterior or inferior hymenal tears that extend to the vaginal floor provide conclusive evidence of penetrating or blunt force trauma. Furthermore, studies report that only girls with confirmation of abuse had evidence of deep notches extending through more than 50% of the posterior hymenal rim.
Categories of findings of sexual abuse can be divided into signs suggestive of abuse versus those specific for abuse. However, because positive findings occur infrequently, one cannot overemphasize that the history from the child still remains the single most important diagnostic feature in deciding whether a child has been sexually abused.
Related topics: normal hymen variants, female Tanner normals
T76.22XA – Child sexual abuse, suspected, initial encounter
237333004 – Hymen tear
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls