This is a serious, life-threatening condition, often leading to death of the infant from respiratory failure due to pulmonary hypoplasia or cord compression. Prenatal death or spontaneous abortion may occur during any stage of the pregnancy.
Management depends on gestational stage, cause of oligohydramnios, and extent of fetal complications. In idiopathic cases, low amniotic fluid might improve slightly with maternal hydration therapy, antidiuretics, intravenous fluids, or amnioinfusion. Other considerations include counseling parents, close observation, preparing for premature delivery, and managing pregnancy complications. Peritoneal dialysis and eventual renal transplant may offer chances for survival, but this is far from standard therapy.
Q60.6 – Potter's syndrome
41962002 – Oligohydramnios sequence
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls