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Palatal and gingival cyst of newborn
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Palatal and gingival cyst of newborn

Contributors: Craig N. Burkhart MD, Dean Morrell MD, Lowell A. Goldsmith MD, MPH
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Cystic or raised lesions of the oral mucosa are quite common, occurring in approximately 80% of neonates. There are 3 types:
  • Epstein pearls are cysts along the median palatal raphe or at the junction of the hard and soft palate that develop from remnants of epithelial tissue trapped along the raphe during palatal fusion.
  • Bohn nodules are cysts found along the facial and lingual surfaces of the alveolar ridges and on the palate away from the midline. They develop from heterotopic salivary gland tissue.
  • Dental lamina cysts are found on the top of the alveolar ridges and are more common in the maxilla and mandible. They are thought to develop from remnants of the tooth bud.

Codes

ICD10CM:
K09.8 – Other cysts of oral region, not elsewhere classified

SNOMEDCT:
109553005 – Palatal cyst of the newborn

Look For

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Diagnostic Pearls

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Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls

  • Congenital epulis
  • Neuroectodermal tumor of infancy
  • Natal tooth

Best Tests

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Management Pearls

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Therapy

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References

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Last Updated:01/30/2022
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Palatal and gingival cyst of newborn
A medical illustration showing key findings of Palatal and gingival cyst of newborn : Gingival-alveolar mucosa, Hard palate, Oral cyst, Oral papule, Soft palate/tonsillar
Clinical image of Palatal and gingival cyst of newborn - imageId=2110243. Click to open in gallery.  caption: 'Whitish papules of the upper gingiva.'
Whitish papules of the upper gingiva.
Copyright © 2022 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.