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Parakeratosis pustulosa - Nail and Distal Digit
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Parakeratosis pustulosa - Nail and Distal Digit

Contributors: Shari Lipner MD, PhD, Susan Burgin MD, Bertrand Richert MD, Robert Baran MD
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

Parakeratosis pustulosa (PKP), also known as Hjorth-Sabouraud disease, is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the nail and surrounding skin. It is seen almost exclusively in girls younger than 7 years. It usually involves one single digit, especially the thumb or the index finger. The skin and nail changes may present months to years prior to presentation. The nail changes include subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis, and pitting. Skin involvement is characterized by psoriasiform or chronic eczematous lesions. PKP may not represent a unique entity but rather a clinical phenotype common to inflammatory disorders such as psoriasis or atopic and contact dermatitis. Complete resolution after a period of months or years is observed in over half of affected individuals, with others evolving into psoriasis with nail and/or skin findings.

Codes

ICD10CM:
L21.8 – Other seborrheic dermatitis

SNOMEDCT:
200766001 – Parakeratosis

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Last Reviewed:09/20/2017
Last Updated:09/20/2017
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Parakeratosis pustulosa - Nail and Distal Digit
A medical illustration showing key findings of Parakeratosis pustulosa : Nail fold erythema and edema, Scaly plaque, Solitary nail or digit, Subungual hyperkeratosis, Onycholysis
Clinical image of Parakeratosis pustulosa - imageId=1658268. Click to open in gallery.  caption: 'Coarse nail pits.'
Coarse nail pits.
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