Primary gonorrhea infection - Anogenital in
The incubation period of N gonorrhoeae is short. The average time from infection to symptom onset is approximately 2-7 days. Risk factors for acquiring N gonorrhoeae include having a new sex partner, more than one sex partner (or a sex partner with concurrent partners), and a history of STIs (or a sex partner with a history of STIs). Other risk factors include inconsistent condom use (if not in a mutually monogamous relationship), young age, and substance abuse. Some subgroups of men who have sex with men (MSM) are at higher risk as well.
In men, anterior urethritis is the most common presentation, with purulent urethral discharge and dysuria. Complications include epididymitis, vesiculitis, and prostatitis, which occur via local extension.
Proctitis and pharyngitis occurs in both sexes via direct mucosal infection, but the former is more prevalent in MSM. Notably, in men, clinical symptoms may disappear in approximately 6-8 months without treatment, which increases the risk for complications.
Systemic symptoms including fever, arthritis, tenosynovitis of large joints, and cutaneous pustules can occur from hematogenous dissemination. This occurs in less than 1% of patients. Risk factors for dissemination include complement deficiency.
Related topics: disseminated gonorrhea, gonococcal conjunctivitis
A54.9 – Gonococcal infection, unspecified
15628003 – Gonorrhea
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls