Renal nutcracker syndrome
Patients typically present with intermittent hematuria without associated abdominal pain or flank pain. Other common presenting symptoms include proteinuria, gonadal vein syndrome, and varicocele due to development of collateral vessels.
For many patients, nutcracker syndrome is incidentally discovered on imaging done for another cause.
N28.9 – Disorder of kidney and ureter, unspecified
90708001 – Kidney disease
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls