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Sex cord stromal tumor
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Sex cord stromal tumor

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

A sex cord stromal tumor is an uncommon neoplasm of the ovary or testis composed of one or more types of cells, including Leydig, Sertoli, granulosa, and fibroblasts. Although they can be malignant, most are benign.

Female patients present with pelvic or abdominal pain, adnexal mass, vaginal bleeding, and hormonal abnormalities. Average age of onset is 50 years. Granulosa cell tumors are the most common malignant type of ovarian sex cord stromal tumor in adolescents. These patients may experience precocious puberty, irregular menses or amenorrhea, and endometrial hyperplasia.

Male patients present with testicular pain, tenderness, testicular mass, swelling, and discomfort. They may also experience urinary frequency, abdominal distension, sexual dysfunction, nausea, and vomiting. Age of onset ranges from adolescence to the ninth decade.

Codes

ICD10CM:
D39.10 – Neoplasm of uncertain behavior of unspecified ovary
D40.10 – Neoplasm of uncertain behavior of unspecified testis

SNOMEDCT:
71440001 – Sex cord-stromal tumor

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Last Updated:09/06/2023
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Sex cord stromal tumor
A medical illustration showing key findings of Sex cord stromal tumor (Testicular) : Erectile dysfunction, Gynecomastia, Infertility, Testicular mass, Testicular tenderness
Copyright © 2024 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.