Stiff person syndrome
Patients present with nonspecific back pain or axial stiffness with or without episodes of severe spasms that resolve over hours to days. Some patients may only present with stiffness in the extremities or facial muscles. Spasms can be precipitated by stress, anxiety, startle responses, stimulation, or emotion. There can be abdominal contractions as well as significant lumbar lordosis. The disorder is associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and thyroid disease; it rarely occurs as a paraneoplastic syndrome. Prognosis is variable.
G25.82 – Stiff-man syndrome
5217008 – Stiff-man syndrome
Differential Diagnosis & Pitfalls