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TAR syndrome
Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

TAR syndrome

Other Resources UpToDate PubMed

Synopsis

A very rare congenital disorder combining hypomegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia and bilateral absence of radii (thumbs are not missing) due to mutations in the RBM8A gene. Patients present with reduced blood platelets or megakaryocytes, and episodes of bleeding (petechiae, nosebleed, ecchymosis, hemorrhage) that may become life-threatening in early life. Thrombocytopenia can become less severe as the infant ages. Other findings include short stature, distinct facial features (micrognathia, broad forehead, low-set and rotated ears), hypoplasia of limbs, and kidney and heart abnormalities. Frequently patients present with failure to thrive and persistent diarrhea due to cow milk intolerance.

Treatment involves management of early symptoms of thrombocytopenia and, if severe, platelet transfusion. Other symptoms may be treated with surgery, physical therapy, and dietary management.

Codes

ICD10CM:
Q87.2 – Congenital malformation syndromes predominantly involving limbs

SNOMEDCT:
85589009 – Radial aplasia-thrombocytopenia syndrome

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Last Updated:06/27/2022
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TAR syndrome
A medical illustration showing key findings of TAR syndrome (Adult) : Limb hypoplasia, Micrognathia, Short stature, Ecchymosis, PLT decreased
Copyright © 2022 VisualDx®. All rights reserved.